Saturday, 22 July 2017


Class: XI
Characteristics of notes
a. Phrases not sentences
b. Recognizable abbreviations with a key at the end
c. Appropriate Headings
d. Appropriate sub-headings
e. Points which are numbered uniformly
f. Sub-points-supplementary to the points, if needed
g. Proper indentation
h. Title
i. In Notes avoid the following:
1. Examples, people’s comments, if they are just supplementing given information
2. Repetition of ideas
A SUMMARY must be written in complete sentences and within the word limit. (80 words)
Proper Indentation
1.1 Sub-Heading
1.2 Sub-Heading
1.3 Sub-Heading
1.3.1 Sub-Sub-heading
1.3.2 Sub-Sub-Heading
2.1 Sub-Heading
2.2 Sub-Heading

Friday, 21 July 2017

Tips for attempting Reading comprehension

Reading for comprehension passages test the ability of students to maneuver through the given passage to reach the right answer. It is like a puzzle that must be solved, and the solver must work his or her way through the passage to answer the questions. They discourage cram work. 

PROSE Questions pertaining to reading for comprehension often contain prosaic passages. These passages can be discursive, descriptive, or factual. These questions are designed to test the ability of the students to analyze the idea that the passage is trying to convey. 

Steps to answer questions: 1. Carefully read the given passages at least twi ice or till you understand the essence of the text. 2. Go through the passage once more to pick out words which contain an answer to the question. 3. Refer to other question sets. 4. Answer neatly in your own words, avoiding mistakes in spellings and grammar. 5. Title will be based on: a) The main point or idea. b) The main event. c) The main character.

 PARTS OF READING FOR COMPREHENSION: 1. Vocabulary: Give a meaning that means the same thing or nearly the same thing as the original word. Only one word or one short phrase will be given, even if there are other words with the exact meaning. The tense of the meaning word (verb) must be in the same tense of the original word.

2. Short questions: The answers must be precise. Avoid irrelevant details. Pay attention to the instructions. Quote verbatim. Follow the order of the questions.

3. Summary Writing: Summary writing calls for your ability to summarize a passage within the limit of 80-100 words. It ensures that you understand the passage and have the judgment to separate what is relevant and what is irrelevant. A good summary should be complete in itself so that anyone who has no time to read the original passage, may, by reading the summary, knows what the writer of the original passage means to convey to the reader 

Thursday, 20 July 2017


Poem Voice of Rain

Q1 How is the rain formed?
Q2How does it give life to its origin?
Q3What is meant by "Eternal I rise"
q4 What is meant by word"Palpable"?

Comprehension Passage

India has deployed aerial drones over Kaziranga National Park in Assam state in a bid to protect endangered one-horned rhinos from poachers. Kaziranga chief NK Vasu said the maiden drone flight on Monday was a “milestone in wildlife protection”. The park is home to two-thirds of the world’s one-horned rhino population and also has a large number of elephants, tigers and other wildlife. In recent months, rhinos have been killed in large numbers by poachers. Drones and other successful anti-poaching measures have also been used by the WWF in nearby Chitwan National Park in Nepal, where the hunting of one-horned rhinos has been drastically reduced. “The Unmanned Aerial Vehicle (UAV) was up in the sky for 15 minutes. It landed safely,” Mr. Vasu said. “We hope this technology will go a long way in effective surveillance of the park.” Assam Forest Minister Rockybul Hussain said this was the first time that drones had been used for wildlife protection anywhere in India. “The UAVs will deter poachers who will now have to reckon with surveillance from air as well as on ground,” MrHussain said. The minister said it would now be possible to keep an eye on the remotest parts of the 480 sq km (185 sq miles) park. The drones can fly a pre-programmed route at a maximum elevation of 200m (656ft) for up to 90 minutes, officials say. They are light enough to be launched by hand and will be able to take images of the ground below with a still or video camera, they add. Twenty-two one-horned rhinos were killed in Kaziranga by poachers last year. In the first three years of this month, 16 rhinos have been killed, triggering a furore in Assam where the animal is seen as a symbol of regional pride and is also valued for drawing tourists to the state. A rhino census in Kaziranga last month said that there were about 2,300 of the animals in Kaziranga. BBC NEWS

Read the passage and answer the following questions: a) This passage states that drones …………………………………………………. And not only for wars between nations. b) The drones will be able to do two things: they are 1)………………………………………. 2)………………………………………. c) 22 one horned rhinos killed by poachers means……………………………….. d) The introduction of drones for surveillance is a --------------------------measure. (one word) e) The author states that there has been a public outburst because 16 rhinos were killed-the term he uses is------------------- f) This passage suggests that the greatest enemy of wildlife is ------------------------ g) The passage begins with the idea that drones will be a “milestone in wildlife protection”. This actually means that------------------------------------------------ h) An elevation is a term that tells us that------------------------------in the sky. 

Wednesday, 19 July 2017

chapter 2

English Chapter 2
what are the attributes of an optimistic person?
What was the attitude of the children during the voyage?

Sunday, 14 May 2017

Poem 2- An Elementary School Classroom in a Slum

Poem 2- An Elementary School Classroom in a Slum
                                  By- Stephen Spender
Reference to Context
1.      Stanza 1- ‘Far far from…….other than this.’

a)      How does the poet describe the children in the beginning of the poem?
b)     Why is the tall girl’s head weighed down?
c)      What does the poet mean by ‘rat’s eyes’?
d)     Why does the poet refer to the stunted child as ‘unlucky heir’?
e)     How is the child sitting at the back of the classroom different from other children?

2.      Stanza 2 –‘On sour cream walls….. stars of words.’
a)      Explain ‘sour cream walls, donations’
b)     What does Shakespeare’s head symbolize?
c)      How is the presence of the picture of a ‘civilized dome’ in the classroom ironical?
d)     What is the Tyrolese valley famous for?
e)     What kind of a world do these children belong to? What does ‘lead sky symbolize?

3.      Stanza 3- ‘Surely Shakespeare is wicked… big as slum.’
a)      Why is Shakespeare wicked?
b)     How is the world map a bad example?
c)      Explain line 3 of the stanza.
d)     What does the phrase ,’ fog to endless night represent’?
e)     How does the poet express his anguish?

4.      Stanza 4- ‘ Unless governor……language is the sun.’
a)      What does the poet desire from the educated and powerful people ?
b)     What do catacombs imply? How is the world of the slum children like catacombs?
c)      What does the poet mean by green fields and golden sands?
d)     What does the poet wish for the children to be provided with?
e)     Discuss the last line